As of the moment Covid19 infection continue to create havoc and chaos to almost other places of the world, started from the time of the first case was reported in Wuhan China last December 2019. There is no mention of a definite drug treatment for Covid19 patient/s from experts all over the world. Thus the disease continue to take its toll to many susceptible hosts it affects. The susceptible host that I’m talking here, people who are more than 50 years of age with comorbidities such as… cardiovascular illness,chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ,asthma, uncontrolled diabetes,immunosuppressed of cancer and drugs, immunocompromised from HIV/AIDS, with liver or kidney problem and with autoimmune diseases.
It is also very important to mention that Covid19 is transmissible through droplet and can transfer from human to human.The incubation period last for two to seven days with a range of one day to fourteen days.
Signs and Symptoms:
The infected individual will manifest the signs and symptoms of the infection such as cough,sore throat,body malaise,body pains,teary eyes and sometimes difficulty of breathing and moderate to high grade fever with chills and uncommonly nausea,vomiting and diarrhea.
As of the present time the disease can be diagnose rapidly by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction process ( RT-PCR ) of viral RNA using respiratory tract swab and secretion samples. The virus can also be detected in the fecal materials of infected patient/s up to one month but what the health authorities need is a test that gives a rapid diagnosis or result so that they can institute proper treatment and management to the patient and can offer preventive measures to others who are not yet infected.
Since there is no known vaccine has been develop yet as of the moment, then it is wise to have a preventive measures ready at hand. Thus several infection controlled policies and strategies that is being develop from World health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States of America .The policies are then applied by many affected and unaffected countries all over the world. The above mentioned agencies advocates effective and frequent hand washings with soap and water or using isopropyl alcohol and hand sanitizers for hand cleaning, physical distancing (social distancing) of one square meter distance apart frorm person to person and using sterile gloves, gown and wearing of N95 filtering facepiece respirator certified by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and for countries that lacks effective certified face mask…it is advised to wear improvised and well reinforced surgical face mask for that matter. And also the authorities is advocating self and community quarantines for some localities.
And to all the readers of this article I am updating you about the most recent Covid19 infection treatment…because sooner or maybe later they can develop a new definite treatment of the disease. I think this is the most awaited exciting part!!! The Japanese government is now developing an anti-viral regimen or drug to combat and fight Covid19 infection, but the drug is not yet revealed as of the present time and it was stated by some news article in Japan that it has a promising outcome to the Covid19 infected patients treated by the unknown anti-viral drug. Then in the Phillipines our Department of health authorities and the Food and Drug Administration mentioned that an Anti-malarial drug showed promising results when given to Covid19 patients and the same drugs were also given to those Covid19 survivors here in my country. The anti-malarial drugs is hydrochloroquine and chloroquine oral tablet,same anti-malarial drugs given as a chemoprophylaxis for person who want/s to travel in malaria infested places and at the same time the drug is also used to treat malaria cases worldwide. The anti-malarial drugs had so many side effects when use…so it is not available over the counter inorder to prevent abuse. The anti- malarial drugs had undesirable side effects namely pallor, dizziness, nausea, vomiting,light headedness, body malaise, blurring of vision, anorexia, pruritus, urticaria with some varied gastrointestinal side effects and with precautionary measures if given to patients with liver, kidney and heart diseases. It is also very important to know that the two anti-malarial drugs is ” NOT YET APPROVE ” by the US-FDA ( Food and Drug Administration in the United States of America ) for the treatment of Covid19 infected patients and it is still undergoing further investigational studies up to the present time. And please dont forget to note that aside from the anti-malarial drugs given to Covid19 infected patients, there are also antibiotics ( for accompanying bacterial pneumonia in Covid19 patients ) given as part of the regimen in treating the viral disease with bacterial septicemia together with some supportive measures such as hydration therapy, metabolic derangement correction measures and pulmonary or respiratory supports ( ventilators ) in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome ( ARDS ). Also worth mentioning is our medical scientist is now developing a vaccine for Coronavirus. What is important is that, there is still hope for those infected patients and to those soon to be sick with Covid19 infection. Our ” BEST ” option is still ” PREVENTION “……because it is……
that humanity will prevail.
I hope that my short article will offer help and ease the mental anguish and emotional anxiety to the concerned individual/s especially in this undesirable situation that we are experiencing now worldwide. My personal suggestion is…stay healthy always by maintaining good personal hygiene and be vigilant.
Laertes B. Amihan MD